This is what filter bubbles actually look like

John Kelly and Camille François in MIT Technology Review. John Kelly is CEO and Camille François is research director of Graphika, a social network analytics company. All annotations in context. American public life has become increasingly ideologically segregated as newspapers have given way to screens. But societies have experienced extremism and fragmentation without the assistance of Silicon Valley…

Social Network Analysis Reveals Full Scale of Kremlin’s Twitter Bot Campaign

With the aid of open-source tools, Internet researcher Lawrence Alexander gathered and visualized data on nearly 20,500 pro-Kremlin Twitter accounts, revealing the massive scale of information manipulation attempts on the RuNet. In what is the first part of a two-part analysis, he explains how he did it and what he found. All annotations in context.…

6 types of misinformation circulated this election season

Claire Wardle in the Columbia Journalism Review. All annotations in context. The New Yorker’s Sasha Frere-Jones called Twitter a “self-cleaning oven,” suggesting that false information could be flagged and self-corrected almost immediately. We no longer had to wait 24 hours for a newspaper to issue a correction.   Jeff Jarvis wrote over the weekend, we need to be careful…

The Information War Has Begun

danah boyd on her website. All annotations in context. News agencies, long trained to focus on reporting information and maintaining a conceptual model of standards, are ill-equipped to understand that they may have a role in this war, that their actions and decisions are shaping the way the war plays out.   How many years…

Fake news. It’s complicated.

Claire Wardle in First Draft News. All annotations in context. By now we’ve all agreed the term “fake news” is unhelpful, but without an alternative, we’re left awkwardly using air quotes whenever we utter the phrase. The reason we’re struggling with a replacement is because this is about more than news, it’s about the entire…

What Do We Know About False News?

From the Harvard Business Review: As false news has become a global phenomenon, scholars have responded. They’ve ramped up their efforts to understand how and why bad information spreads online — and how to stop it. In the past 18 months, they’ve flooded academic journals with new research and have raised the level of urgency.…